Head Lice and Other Human Lice
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Head lice are estimated to effect six to twelve million people each year, most of whom are children between the ages of 4 and 11.
Many people assume, or worry, that head lice can live on parts of the body other than the head. But head lice live and feed on the scalp.
Confusion often exists about head lice and other types of lice carried by humans. In all, there are three types of lice that rely on the human host. Each type feeds on human blood and each type can cause skin irritation, rashes and intense itching. All are spread primarily through direct bodily contact.
Head lice, or Pediculus humanus capitas: This parasite is tiny (about the size of a small ant), six-legged, clawed and wingless. It lives and thrives on the scalp. Head lice suck human blood for survival—so the human is their host. Without the human blood, they will perish quickly. The louse’s claws help it cling and move quickly through hair on the head.
Head lice mate and lay eggs. Lice eggs, or nits, incubate for about six days. The life cycle of a louse is 30 days, and the female louse will lay three to ten eggs a day once she is mature. Head lice may lay eggs in eyebrows or other facial hair, but do not “live” in these areas.
Head lice can be treated with Happyheads® Bye-Bye Lice Nontoxic Treatment Shampoo. Happyheads® kills lice within seconds, and loosens the glue that binds the eggs to the hair shafts.
Body lice (Scabies), or Pediculus humanus humanus: This breed of lice is physically similar to head lice. It has six legs and is wingless. Body lice generally do not live on the body, but instead live in the seams of unwashed clothing and blankets. They will transfer to the body to feed and then retreat back to the unwashed articles.
Body lice typically lay their eggs in clothing and blankets as well, and not on the body. Body lice have twice the life span of head lice and can lay twice as many eggs.
Body lice can also be treated by using Happyheads® Bye-Bye Lice Nontoxic Treatment Shampoo. Add two ounces of the treatment shampoo to a warm bath and soak. Bedding and clothing should be washed in hot water (120°F) with two ounces of the treatment shampoo added to the load. Dry clothing and bedding on high heat.
Pubic lice (Crabs), or Pthirus pubis: This insect has a different physical appearance. Its body is rounder and its claws are thicker. Pubic lice live and breed in the pubic hair of the body. They lay fewer eggs than head lice and body lice, but have a similar life span. Pubic lice can be treated with Happyheads® Bye-Bye Lice Nontoxic Treatment Shampoo in the same manner as body lice.
All types of lice are likely to die quickly when separated from the host. The most common symptom of lice is itching—a reaction to the blood sucking bites.
Happyheads Products are not classified as pediculicides or as scabicides.